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Freestyle Academy of Communication Arts & Technology

1299 Bryant Ave, Mt. View, CA 94040 T 650-940-4650 x0090
2 Required Classes: English and Digital Media 3rd/Elective Class:  + Animation or Design or Film

12 Animation Principles



These 12 Animation Principles were developed, perfected and summarized by animation artists through the years - since the Disney Cartoon days. These principles were laid out in The Illusion of Life by Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston.


1. Squash and stretch
2. Anticipation
3. Staging
4. Straight Ahead Action and Pose to Pose
5. Follow Through and Overlapping Action
6. Slow In and Slow Out
7. Arc
8. Secondary Action
9. Timing
10. Exaggeration
11. Solid drawing
12. Appeal




click above to see examples


Obviously, you want to apply these principles to your animation.


Can you identify the application of the Animation Principles in the videos below?